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Cold weather

Heat well - heat the rooms you spend most time in, trying to keep a temperature of 18°C if you can. Keep bedroom windows closed and take simple measures to reduce draughts. You may also want to use a hot water bottle or electric blanket (but not both!).

Dress warm - you should always remember to wrap up warm in multiple layers of clothing and put on a good coat, scarf and gloves when you leave the house. You lose a lot of heat through your head, so remember to wear a hat or headscarf. It is more energy efficient to focus on keeping the person warm than the house, so stay warm indoors by wearing several layers of thin clothes to trap the heat, and socks or slippers with grips, to prevent slips and falls.

Eat well - food is a vital source of warmth, so try to have regular hot meals and drinks throughout the day and remember to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. In the winter months this will help ward off any illnesses. Make sure you have sufficient food in your home. It is also helpful to store some bottled drinking water in the colder months. 

Keep moving - moving around is good for your health and generates extra body heat, so any exercise will help keep you warm. No matter what time of year it is, you should try to do some light exercise each day.

Your health - people are more likely to fall ill with cold or flu in winter. Those who are more fragile or vulnerable such as older people, very young or people with existing health issues are more likely to have problems such as heart attacks, stroke, and pneumonia. It is important to take care of yourself, your family, and to check on your neighbours when the weather turns cold. Consider getting vaccinated against flu and COVID-19, if you are eligible. Make sure you have enough medicine, and check that all of the appliances in your home are working well. 

Stop smoking - by stopping smoking, you will boost your health for the winter, reduce your chances of a heart attack and improve your body's circulation.

Keep safe and look out for neighbours - if you have an elderly or vulnerable neighbour or relative, check on them regularly in the winter to make sure they are safe and well.


Driving in the snow and ice can be extremely hazardous. Make sure you are prepared and only make journeys that are essential. You will find some useful advice on the website to help keep you safe. It explains how to be prepared and how to drive for the conditions.

Useful links to other top tips and advice

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